Master of Laws

Location: LAU Beirut.
Duration: Two academic years. 
Total Credits: 30
Department: Information Technology & Operations Management

This program is designed for candidates who want to get insightful learning in the theories and practices that govern business rules and regulations, while strengthening their knowledge foundation in the field. The LLM draws on the academic and practical expertise of its faculty, as well as the School’s general business and specialization strengths. 

The program’s mission is to prepare high-caliber legal advisers and advocates who are conversant in the best international practices of this field and of related business topics, and who are committed to serving both public and private sectors. Through small classes, accomplished faculty, close interaction and experiential learning, law students will receive an intensive graduate law education in theoretical and practical settings.

Program Outcomes

With an LLM from LAU, you will acquire an advanced legal knowledge in the field of business and transnational contract law. The LLM intends to support students and enable them to:

Career Prospects

Getting the LLM degree at AKSOB prepares students for working in local, regional, and multinational organizations in:

Program Requirements 

As required by the Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MEHE), The minimum residency requirement for graduate programs is 2 academic years (i.e. 4 regular semesters with graded courses: 2 Fall semesters and 2 Spring semesters). As an exception, the MEHE will accept 3 regular semesters and 2 summers with graded courses.

LLM candidates must have a law degree and are expected to complete 30 credit hours.

The degree is completed in two academic years. A written thesis or project is not required.

However, students with well-defined topics may pursue individual research projects or thesis under the supervision of a Law faculty member.

  1. Candidates must complete a total of 30 credits composed of:

- Course Requirements (9 credits)

-Elective Requirements (21 credits)

  1. LLM classes are initially offered in the afternoon once a week. Alternative delivery strategy may be used at a later point.


Admission is granted on a selective and competitive basis to students who have demonstrated distinct academic ability and motivation by meeting at least the minimum requirements described below.

In addition to a satisfactory proof of English language proficiency as per LAU rules and regulations, applicants to the LLM program are expected to meet the following admission requirements:

  1. 2.75 GPA on a scale of 4.0 as per LAU rules, or its equivalent.
  2. Letters of recommendation.
  3. Interview, if required.

Meeting these requirements, however, does not guarantee admission to the program.

Although work experience is not a prerequisite for admission, the Graduate Admissions Committee considers applicants’ professional experience as an asset. As such, relevant work experience is viewed favorably when studying an applicant’s file.

At the discretion of the LLM Admission Council, applicants who are short of meeting the 2.75 GPA might be considered for “probationary” admission.

Students admitted on probation will earn regular status upon the completion of 12 graduate credits with at least 3.0 average. However, upon completing a minimum of 6 graduate credits, students on probation are allowed to remove their probation and qualify for good standing if they score a minimum GPA of 3.2, with a minimum grade of B in their two or three courses and without any repeats.

Students with a legal degree from universities that do not adopt American GPA will be subject to a specific conversion applied by LAU.


LLM813 Legal Ethics (3 cr.)

The course is divided into two parts, Ethics and Philosophy of Law. The Ethics component includes discussions on ethical rules applicable to lawyers and the practice of law with special emphasis on American and English rules. The Philosophy of Law component includes discussions on the principal theories of law and key issues in law - such as law, rights, obligations, responsibilities, punishment and the ethical foundations of the legal system. Thus, the aim of the course as a whole is to evaluate the main philosophical theories of ethics and law, probe central moral and legal issues examine the practical application of such theories and issues and analyze the interrelationship between ethics and law. 

LLM823 Accounting and Finance for Lawyers (3 cr.) 
(Mandatory except for business graduates. Business graduates should replace this course by any other elective course)

The course teaches the basics every business lawyer should know about accounting and finance in order to communicate, negotiate and counsel effectively regarding business matters including: the accounting process; the balance sheet, income statement and cash flow; financial statement analysis; auditing; time value of money; interest; credit; securities; risk; valuation; derivatives; financial decision rules; and financial markets and regulation.

LLM831 Legal Research and Writing (3 cr.)

Legal Research and Writing is a required course that teaches students the basic techniques of legal research, analysis and legal writing. The course is based on introducing case briefing, case synthesis and analysis through a series of research and writing assignments. Students will learn (i) how to research legal issues, frame legal arguments and analyze legal problems; (ii) how to use computer-assisted legal research including Lexis and Westlaw; and (iii) the American writing conventions for legal letters, memoranda, and briefs. The course will be taught in small groups under the supervision of the legal writing faculty and will consist, as mentioned above, of a series of research and writing assignments. This course should be especially helpful for students who are inexperienced in the use of precedent in a common law system.

LLM845 Corporate Finance Laws and Regulations (3 cr.)

The course provides an overview of international capital markets law and practice. Students will be expected to familiarize themselves with the main concepts and the structures and terminology used in capital markets and will develop an understanding of the interests of the parties involved as well as the policy reasons behind the national and international law relevant to capital markets transactions. The course also provides an in-depth examination of the legal framework for equity finance over the entire corporate lifecycle, including venture capital, management buyouts, initial and subsequent public offers of shares, rights issues, private equity buyouts and share buybacks. The course examines the use of different types of equity finance instruments and the legal rights associated with them. The role of capital markets in raising new capital and trading shares will be examined along with the role of financial regulators in controlling that process.

LLM846 Corporate Governance (3 cr.)

The course provides an in-depth examination of the legal and market framework in which corporate governance operates. It examines how the law approaches the governance structure of various types of companies, focusing on the role of different stakeholders and the structure and powers of the two decision-making organs of the company, the general meeting of shareholders and the board of directors. Close attention will be paid to the role of institutional shareholders and financial markets and to the development of ‘soft-law’ governance codes and voluntary self-regulation as alternatives to formal legal control.

LLM852 Family Business and Offices (3 cr.)

This course explores the challenges and opportunities facing individuals and families involved in family business relationships.  The course uses a systems model of the family and business to demonstrate the interrelationships and connections among the key stakeholders. Some of the specific topics include the family system, culture, entrepreneurial influences, conflict and negotiation, career planning, ethics, governance, succession and strategic planning, professional support relationships and survival skills as a son or daughter in a family business.

LLM853 Secured Transactions (2 cr.)

The course explores all aspects of security in personal or corporate property, including creation of security interests, perfection, priorities (between competing security interests and between security interests and other property interests), default, realization procedures and redemption.

LLM854 International Financial and Banking Regulations (3 cr.)

The course introduces the structure and regulation of international banking and finance. Topics include (i) the regulatory environment (including local, and international regulatory systems); (ii) methods of entry into foreign banking markets; (iii) regulation of international banking activities; and (iv) economic sanctions and their effect on international banking.

LLM855 Bankruptcy, Insolvency and Restructurings (3 cr.)

This course introduces students to the law of bankruptcy and corporate insolvency. While understanding legal terminology, concepts, doctrine and processes are all vital to grasping and applying bankruptcy and insolvency laws, the course also seeks to frame those aspects in a wider historical, social, economic and policy context. The course begins with an overview of debtor-creditor relations and the pre-insolvency context, and then addresses insolvencies and various forms of corporate reorganizations and restructurings.

LLM856 International Intellectual Property (3 cr.)

This course focuses on international treaties as they relate to protection of trademarks, and copyrights. These treaties include the Paris Convention, the Berne Conventions, WTO TRIPs, NAFTA and the EC Harmonization Directives and Trademarks. This course introduces students to the international aspects of intellectual property as well as patent laws. Attention will be given to general principles of comparative and international law (e.g. territoriality) and to specific laws related to obtaining and enforcing intellectual property rights in foreign countries.

LLM861 International Courts and Processes (3 cr.)

This course introduces students to several important international courts including the International Court of Justice, the European Court of Justice, the International Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunal and the Central American Court of Justice.  The course seeks to explain the formation, design, and expansion of international courts from both political and legal perspectives.  On the political side, the course focuses on factors such as states’ capabilities, regime type, functional need and diffusion.  On the legal side, the course examines the intersection of domestic and international law, emphasizing the major legal systems in the world (civil law, common law, Islamic law).  The course also focuses on the difference made by international courts for interstate interactions and foreign policy behavior more broadly.

LLM865 Law of Mergers and Acquisitions (3 cr.)

The course involves discussion of corporate restructuring strategies including mergers, acquisitions, takeovers, leveraged buyouts and management buyouts. It aims to provide students with knowledge of what M&A is, the deal players, the deal structure, and regulatory considerations. It also covers topics such as form of consideration, target valuation and due diligence. The course ends with an overview of deal documents and agreements and related practical drafting exercises.

LLM866 International Trade (3 cr.)

This course introduces the laws governing international sale of goods as well as the institutions governing international trade. In particular, the course focuses on: (i) the impact of international conventions, transnational model laws and uniform principles on international sales law; (ii) the relationship between international law and domestic law relating to sales transactions; (iii) choice of jurisdiction, choice of law and cross-border litigation issues that may arise in the context of international sales transactions; and (iv) laws regulating customs and tariffs, most-favored nation treatment, subsidies, dumping, unfair trade practices and disruptive imports under the escape clause. Specialized problems in regulating exports under regimes of sanctions, boycotts, corrupt practices, and restrictive business practices may be covered.

LLM872 Islamic Banking and Finance (3 cr.)

This course aims to enable students to deeply understand the Islamic Banking operating systems and the concepts of Islamic finance through participation in class discussions and activities. Students are to be well-equipped with knowledge of Islamic Finance and its innovative products and their application in the modern banking system.

LLM875 Project Finance and Public-Private Partnerships (3 cr.)

This course aims to equip the students with a comprehensive overview of project financing by taking them through all stages of a project finance transaction. The course will make use of case studies and exercises from various sectors including infrastructure, transportation, oil & gas and water and power.

In respect of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs), the course will examine both the costs and benefits of PPPs as alternative public procurement methods, will contrast them with other procurement modes and will consider how best to design PPP projects to serve public ends.  Topics covered will also include: (i) the financing of PPPs; (ii) identifying, pricing and allocating risks in PPP projects; (iii) preparing a sustainable long-term concession agreement; and (iv) assessing “value for money” in PPP arrangements.

LLM876 Alternative Dispute Resolution (3 cr.)

This course aims to educate the students on the primary types of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) including negotiation, mediation, and arbitration.  Students will learn to evaluate the pros and cons of ADR processes and will work through simulations of ADR processes that are currently employed by international lawyers.

LLM877 Negotiation (3 cr.)

For most lawyers, negotiation is a major part of their professional duties. Of those matters that come into a lawyer’s office, the vast majority are resolved by negotiation. Negotiation: communication for the purpose of persuasion is also is a major element of everyday life. This course is designed to give students experience in negotiation, as well as a grounding in negotiation theory. The emphasis of the course is on experiential learning. Students spend most of their time participating in negotiation simulations, as well as discussing negotiation problems. Students are observed in their negotiations and receive feedback.

LLM880 Topics in Business Law (3 cr.)

This course presents diverse theoretical and methodological perspectives on selected topics relevant to the field of business law. The course may offer an in-depth analysis of the relevant topics (e.g. estate and gift taxation, business torts, international business transactions, advanced real estate transactions, etc.). torts, international business transactions, advanced real estate transactions, etc.).

LLM880X American Legal Studies Con Law (2cr.)

This course examines the distribution of and limitations upon governmental authorities under the constitution of the USA. The students will be taught various topics relating to constitutional law such as: the judicial review of legislative and executive actions, separation of power, congressional powers, reserved powers of the states, the limitations on state governmental powers, the judicial protection against the exercise of governmental power in violation of rights, liberties, privileges or immunities conferred by the constitution.

LLM897 Internship [3 cr.]

An internship is a temporary position at a company or law firm that helps students gain insight into a field or practice area. The responsibility of the internship that comes along with the position varies from company to company. Internships are designed to expose the students to the dynamics of working in a specific field by exposing them to real-world applications. Not only is an internship a great experience to put on your resume, but you will also gain important professional contacts and relationships that will benefit you in the future. Student who wish to enroll in the Internship earn three credit hours towards their MSL working in an unpaid internship position. You must have completed at least 12 credit hours and not have been on academic probation for at least one semester to participate in this program. All internships must be approved by the Director of the LLM Program.  All internship hours must be worked during the semester. A student may take a judicial internship for academic credit only once.

LLM899 Thesis   [6 cr.]

Students pre-approved for a thesis may enroll in this class. Students will write a thesis on a topic related to law or/and business approved by the LLM Director and LLM Thesis Supervisor. Students will conduct their research and write their thesis under the supervision of a full-time faculty member and assisted by two other faculty members, comprising the LL.M. Thesis Committee.

LLM898 Project in LLM (3 cr.)

Students & Alumni Testimonoials


Said G. Souki

The time I spent in the LAU LLM program was quite beneficial in furthering my legal knowledge and enriching my capabilities. The interactions I had with my professors and my colleagues were what I valued the most as the shared experiences and discussions were thought-provoking and interesting. An LLM degree is essential for any practicing lawyer looking to gain a footing in his career and I believe that LAU has a rather distinguished LLM program to get you there. Student Said G. Souki


Marwan Khatib

The LLM in International Business Law at LAU is useful to all students in general and attorneys-at-law in particular as it offers courses that focus on specific areas of international expertise and regulations. The program would be an asset for practicing attorneys-at-law such as those working for international entities seeking a global presence. The LLM courses would familiarize them with the common global compliance rules governing the world’s largest companies including tax compliance, anti-money laundering and fighting terrorism, financial reporting requirements and other related subject matter. It also serves those leading a company’s or group of companies’ tax restructuring and reorganization – whereby corporate financial reporting is governed by international standards and local tax laws – as it teaches them to read company financial statements such as trial balances, income and cash flow statements, understand audit reports and analyze any report issued by the special/court expert for the company. Furthermore, students/attorneys-at-law would be able to expand their knowledge to other important legal systems such as the US judicial system and compare them with local legal practices. Marwan Khatib.


Yara Dahrouge

The LLM in Business Law program at LAU broadens one’s knowledge and fills the gap in a lawyer’s understanding of the corporate field such as the structure of an enterprise, its accounting system and its market cycle. This enables the lawyer to understand, participate and share his/her thoughts when needed. Personally, even though I am still at the beginning of the program, I am already able to participate in more meetings with enterprises and deal with their accounts. I am also becoming more familiar with other aspects of accounting in law. As we delve into the court system, locally and internationally, especially in the US, we are gaining a deeper understanding of the way a case can change jurisprudence. Learning more about how to write and how to do legal research will also simplify my work at the law firm and help me classify my ideas better to present my defense in a law case. Good research practices in law help a lawyer gather all the needed information more efficiently and effectively to make a solid case. To summarize, even though I am still in my first semester, the LLM in Business Law program has already boosted my business knowledge. This has helped me get into the corporate field with more confidence and a better understanding of company bylaws and contracts. Yara Dahrouge


Reda Saleh

I had the ambition to obtain an LLM degree in the US or the UK, but my legal career and time constraints prevented this. When I learned that LAU, with its high academic standards, offers this program, I was encouraged and registered without hesitation. With the help of the specialized, distinguished and kind faculty, the outcome of my experience matched my ambition and helped me attain a high level of legal knowledge. Reda Saleh